Zbigniew Horbowy (born in 1935 in Łanczyn)
A fine artist involved in industrial design, unique and utility glass, a professor at the Department of Ceramics and Glass and the Rector of the Academy of Fine Arts in Wrocław. He is considered the top Polish designer of utility glass and a founder of his own school of design.
Zbigniew Horbowy as one of the first Polish artists departed from traditional patterns and gave way to a new way of thinking in the field of glass art. His designs are based on a simple construction, economy of form, colours saving and cool, objective line. Many people consider him to be a reformer of Polish design and the first ‘genuine designer in Poland. In the 1960s and 1970s Horbowy’s glasses were searched for at stores, which during the communist period was a unique phenomenon.
His achievements are impressive, over 30 solo exhibitions can be enumerated: Wrocław in 1961, Warsaw 1966, Sofia, Budapest and Vienna in 1968, Malbork 1970, Berlin and Dresden in 1971, Wrocław, Hradec Králové and Pardubice in 1972, Kłodzk 1973, Poznań and Wrocław in 1975, Bremerhaven in 1978, Poznań in 1980, Wrocław 1986 Kłodzk 1987. He has participated in over 80 collective exhibitions, from which the most important are: Wrocław 1960, Cracow and Liege in 1963, Berlin, Prague, Budapest, Belgrade, Sofia and Vienna between 1962-1963, Warsaw and Hanover 1964, Paris and Stockholm in 1967 and Warsaw in 1969, Berlin in 1972, Jablonec in 1973, Duisburg, Vienna, Prague, Erfurt and Wrocław in 1974 Kłodzk in 1976, Katowice and Dresden in 1979, Wrocław in 1980, Stockholm Mariańskie Łaźnie, Moscow and Sofia, 1988, Düsseldorf 1989 Rühimäki 1996.
Works by Zbigniew Horbowy can be found, among others, in the Museum of Kłodzko Land in Kłodzk, in the Wałbrzych Art Gallery BWA ‘Książ Castle’ in Wałbrzych, in the Gallery of Ceramics or Glass BWA in Wrocław, on the wall of the Wrocław Philharmonic building – spatial composition designed together with Katarzyna Karpińska. The professor undertook design and implementation of major architectural forms in the glass. One of them can be seen in the St. Hedwig’s Church in Częstochowa. He also created spatial compositions in the Film Studio in Wrocław.